Dermatologist, Dr Marina Landau of Dr Roger Amar's London FAMI Clinic- offers her expert comments on everything you need to know about oily skin and what you can do to take care of it.
"Oily skin results from a high concentration of the sebaceous glands or their hyperactivity. Oily or sebaceous glands can results from various factors:
Gender - In general, males have more oily skin than females as the male hormones control the sebaceous glands activity
Age - In teenagers, due to a boost of androgen activity (both in boys and girls), the skin becomes more oily and this is one of the contributing factors for acne
Facial Area - Central parts of the face (in particular the T-Zone) is known to be oilier because of a higher density of sebaceous glands
Medications - Some medications (like cortisone) increases androgen levels, thus causing oily skin and exacerbation of acne
Cosmetic Products - These can accentuate oily skin.
Skin Type - People with thicker skin are usually prone to have oily skin because their skin contains a higher concentration of sebaceous glands.
The biggest mistake people are doing, especially people with oily skin, is trying to moisturise skin using oil based products. I would not recommend facial oils for people with oily skin; it is better to use products which have a base of both oil and water. As oil is so dense on its own, using oil moisturisers will block the drainage of the sebaceous glands and can cause acne breakouts. To care for your skin, I would recommend using a mild cleanser twice a day and a "non-comedogenic" moisturiser.
Commercial moisturisers are based on a combination of water, occlusive agents (that block the skin to "lock" in the water), humectants (agents that attract water from the deeper skin layer to the corneal layer), and emollients (agents that make skin feel smoother) to provide a significant moisturising effect.
Squalane is becoming more commonly used in skincare as an active ingredient. Squalane is a saturated form of squalene (one of the most common lipids products by human skin cells) and is a more stable and preferred in cosmetic products. Squalane is an occlusive agent, so it fulfils one aspect required from a good moisturiser - trapping water in the skin.
Oily skin is not a pathological condition and actually has not been treated for unless it causes acne breakouts. It is possible to dry out the skin using different products or simply by washing your face a few times day. However, drying the skin can over-stimulate sebaceous gland, and can cause inflammation and eczema. To help improve oil skin, you need is a mattifying powder product."
For more information and advice, visit www.londonfamiclinic.com
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